Punya Welcomes you to know about our Gastrointestinal surgery division…
At Punya Hospital, Bangalore we have a Gastrointestinal surgery division consists of gastrointestinal surgeons and experts who relentlessly work for comforting the ailments of individuals who suffer from discomforts of digestive system and related funtions. Our pursuance and explorative quest in the field brought us with successful patient history. We have highly experienced experts aided with latest technology and advanced laboratory settings. We have specialists in open surgery, Laparoscopy and other minimally invasive procedures. We believe in providing comprehensive solutions for our patients with multi-disciplinary approach and well integrated treatment plans.
Different Gastrointestinal surgery approaches are :
Chest cavity and abdominal cavity in human beings are separated by diaphragm. In some persons a defect may occur in the diaphragm at the time of the formation of the fetus in mothers womb. This defect which occurs as a hole in the diaphragm may cause some of the organs that are usually located in the abdomen to move to the chest region. This is known as diaphragmatic hernia.
Human muscles and tissues are strong enough to hold your intestines in place. But if there is some weaker points, the intestine may bulge through these points and this is know as hernia. Bulging of tissues from lower belly to below the groin crease near the upper thigh is known as femoral hernia. Primary symptom of femoral hernia is the pain experienced in the groin and this is usually mistaken as inguinal hernia.
Lap Inguinal Hernia repair (TEP and TAPP)
Protrusion of small intestine through the tender poriton in the groin is referred as inguinal hernia. Inguinal hernia is not usually seen in women. Usually hernia does not cause any serious concern. But at times it may grow in size and cause serious problems to the affected person. Activities like walking, running and taking part in physical exertion can increase the pain, swelling and inconveniences caused by hernia. Hernia cannot be controlled by any medication or treatment options. This can be rectified only through surgical procedures.
Lap Fundoplication for Hiatus Hernia (Anti-Reflux Surgery)
Return of acidic juices or food and fluids back to esophagus is known as GERD ( Gastro esophageal reflux). Lower esophagus sphincter (LES) valve closes when food passes from esophagus to stomach. When LES does not close properly the food and acid from the stomach flows back to esophagus and this is known as GERD. GERD can be caused by hiatal hernia also which means protruding of small intestine or stomach through an enlarged opening of the diaphragm.
Laparoscopic splenectomy is a procedure followed by surgeons to remove a damaged spleen through several small incisions in the body. Removal of spleen is usually accomplished through open surgery in which a large incision about 6 to 8 inches in length will have to be made for carrying out the surgery. In laparoscopic surgery as the incisions are smaller there will be less pain and the recovery will be faster and the period of hospitalization will also be lesser.
Persons who are severely obese face increased risk of health problems and are at critical state most often. Their health risk increases as their weight increases. So the only solution available to them is to undergo surgical procedure which is intended to reduce the volume of their stomach or to reduce the amount of food that is digested by not ingesting some portion of the food eaten by the patient. Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass, Duodenal Switch, Gastric Banding and Gastric Sleeve are the common surgical procedure followed by the surgeons. These surgeries are explained one by one.
Gall bladder is a greenish colored small organ located behind the liver in which the bile is stored. Bile is a liquid produced by the liver which helps in the digestion of the food.When the body has to digest some fat, gall bladder contracts and the bile so released is passed to the small intestine where it helps in the digestive process. Bile contains bile salts, cholesterol, bilirubin, water and fats. When the percentage of bile salts,cholesterol and bilirubin increases in the bile it may result in the solidification of the bile liquid into stones. 80 % of the gall stones are formed by hardened cholesterol and it has an yellowish green color.
Sphincter Sparing Surgeries ( For Cancer Rectum)
Uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in the colon or rectum is known as colorectal cancer. Anaemia and bleeding in the rectum are the common symptoms of this disease. This type of cancer is formed in a person as he ages and due to the life style problems of the patient. Colorectal cancer can be cured by removing the affected part by surgical procedure. The common laparoscopic procedure followed by surgeon to remove the affected parts of rectum is medically referred by the term sphincter sparing surgery. If cancer is not cured by this treatment then the patient can be given palliative care only which will help to improve the quality of life of the patient.
Colorectal cancer is the second most common causes of cancer deaths. Colon consists of three parts. The first part of the colon commences from the small intestine and it ascends vertically and hence this part is known as the ascending colon. After this part the colon runs in horizontal direction from right side to left side of the abdomen and this part is known as the transverse colon. The last part of the colon is the descending colon which descends from the transverse colon and reaches the rectum.
The large bowel which is medically referred as sigmoid colon has three sides. The ascending colon on the right side is followed by the transverse colon and the end portion of the colon is known as the descending colon. The primary treatment option for colon cancer is the surgical removal of the cancerous part of the colon along with the surrounding lymph nodes. The remaining colon parts are joined together and this process is known as anastomosis. When the descending colon is affected by cancer, the left colon is removed and the remaining colon is connected to the transverse colon.
Mesh Rectoplexy for Prolapse Rectum
Rectum starts from the last portion of the large intestine and is about 12 cm in length. Due to the weakness of the structures supporting rectum, it may sometimes bulge through the anus. Sometimes this prolapse may not be visible externally. Bleeding, pain, mucus drainage and obstruction to defecation are the commonly experienced symptoms. Generally there are three kinds of rectal prolapse. They are external, circumferential and full thickness. When the prolapse is externally visible it is known as external and when the entire circumferential area is involved in the prolapse it is known as circumferential prolapse and when the all the layers of of the walls of the rectum is involved it is known as full thickness rectal prolapse.
Meet Our Expert
MBBS., MS(General Surgery)Specialties: Laparoscopic Surgery Special clinical interests: Bariatric (Obesity) Surgeries Laparoscopic Hernia Surgeries Laparoscopic Colorectal Surgeries Academic interests: GERD and Hiatus Hernia, Thyroid Surgeries. Current post: Mananging Director, Punya Hospitals India Pvt Ltd Consultant Laparoscopic Surgeon.