An abnormal pouch or sack that is formed in the small intestine at a weaker point is known as diverticulum. Various types of diverticulums may be formed as a person ages. Diverticulum contains tissues similar to that of stomach or pancreas. But some diverticulums are formed during the formation of the fetus and such a diverticulum formed on the intestine at the lower part of it is known as Meckel’s diverticulum. Even though some people have Meckel’s diverticulam most of them do not show any symptoms and only a few show some symptom at all.
Pain in the abdomen and blood in the stool are the common symptoms of Meckel’s diverticulum.
Medical history and physical examinations may not be enough to reach any diagnosis about the occurrence of this deformity. One or more of the following tests may be conducted for finalising the diagnosis about the Meckel’s diverticulum. Depending upon the necessity of the individual cases the surgeon will decide which tests have to be conducted and the order duration during which it has to be taken.
If severe bleeding is experienced removal of divertculum will be necessary to find a permanent solution to the problem. The divertculum will be removed surgically along with a segment of the small intestine on which it is resting. After removing the segment, the remaining portion of the small intestine is stitched together. If the patient is anaemic, iron replacement medicines will be given. Similarly, if there is heavy bleeding, blood transfusion will be necessary. Surgical procedure has been found to be very successful and complete recovery is usually possible.
As in any surgery, there are some possible risk factors in this surgery also. They are detailed below.
- Possibility of excess bleeding from divertculum
- Intussusceptions which means the folding of intestines is a possible risk factor.
- The bowel may get torn at divertculum.
- Inflammation of the peritoneum.