Pathological condition of small intestine like intestinal polyps, round worm infection etc may necessitate the removal or by passing of the infected portion. The establishment of communication between end portions of the removed/by passed intestine is referred by the term intestinal anastomosis.
Indications can be broadly divided into two categories. They are relating to the joining of the end portions of the rescected intestine and relating to the bypassing the damaged portion of the intestine.
Intestinal polyps, round worm infectation, traumatic perforations, large perforations, inflammatory bowel diseases, chronic constipation etc are some of the conditions which necessitate the resection of the intestine to remove the problematic portion and join the good portions together.
Conditions which necessitate the by passing of the diseased portion of the intestine includes advanced tumours which obstructs the passage of light, intestinal obstruction caused by metastatic diseases, poor condition of the intestine which makes resection not possible etc are the major causes which necessitates by passing of some portion of the intestine.
This procedure was previously done under traditional open surgery. The cutting edge technologies and instruments have made it possible that the resection anastomosis of intestine can be done as a laparoscopic procedure. This laparoscopic procedure is usually carried out done under general anaesthesia.
Post operative complications
Just like in any other surgery there can be some complications in lap resection anastomosis of intestine also. They are listed below.
- Anastomotic leak
- Anastomotic stricture
- Wound infection