Cancer is a dreaded disease which is spreading its wings across the mankind in a ghastly way. Though medical science has developed very much, it could not boast that cancer is under its control. Early detection of the disease often leads to better management and even cure. Chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, bone marrow/stem cell transplantation etc are some of the most common treatment options followed by surgeons around the world. But in some types of cancers the removal of the cancerous organ by a surgical procedure has been found to be very useful in saving the patient from the ruthless clutches of cancer.
Laparoscopic procedures are non invasive procedures which require only two or three small incisions of the size one or two cms as against a long incision of about 6 to 8 inches required in common open surgery. In laparoscopic surgeries a special instrument called laparoscope is inserted through one of this incisions and is guided carefully till it reaches the surgery site. Laparoscope is a special instrument with a camera and a light connected on one end of a flexible long tube. The other end of this tube is connected to a monitor placed before the surgeon. With the help of this instrument the surgeon will be able to see the enlarged videos of the surgery that he is carrying out, in the monitor. By seeing this video the surgeon completes the surgery by remotely controlling the special miniature instruments inserted through other incisions for this purpose.
Sphincter sparing surgeries for cancer is the medical name of laparoscopic surgery conducted for removing cancerous colon or rectum and lap radical hysterectomy is the name for laparoscopic surgery for removing cervix. Similarly lap splenectomy, and lap transhiatal esophagectomy are the medical names for laparoscopic surgeries conducted for removing cancerous spleen and esophagus respectively. Laparoscopic procedures are available for removing almost all the organ affected by cancer. Due to ease and convenience of laparoscopic surgeries, this method is now preferred by both surgeons as well as patients.
Peculiarities of laparoscopic surgeries
- Small incisions cause less pain and make the healing of the wound and recovery of the patient much easier.
- As loss of blood will be lesser in this surgery blood transfusion is not necessitated in many
- This surgery needs lesser hospital stay and the patient will be able to return to his routine
works at an earlier date
- Obese persons are not suitable for this surgery.
- Persons who have earlier under gone a surgery in the target area are not suitable for
Uncontrolled growth of cancerous cells in the colon or rectum is known as colorectal cancer. Anaemia and bleeding in the rectum are the common symptoms of this disease. This type of cancer is formed in a person as he ages and due to the life style problems of the patient. Colorectal cancer can be cured by removing the affected part by surgical procedure. The common laparoscopic procedure followed by surgeon to remove the affected parts of rectum is medically referred by the term sphincter sparing surgery. If cancer is not cured by this treatment then the patient can be given palliative care only which will help to improve the quality of life of the patient.Read More
The laparoscopic surgery conducted by surgeons to remove the colon, rectum or anus afflicted with cancer is medically referred as lap assisted abdomino perineal resection. Laparoscopic procedures are minimally invasive procedures in which only two or three small incisions of the size 1 to 2 cms will be needed to carry out the surgery. Laparoscope is an instrument consisting of a miniature camera connected to one end of a flexible tube. This camera is inserted into the body through one of the small incisions made for the purpose of the surgery. The camera is carefully guided through the body till it reaches the operation area. The videos taken by this camera is instantly enlarged and transmitted to a monitor placed before the surgeon. Through other small incisions made for the purpose of carrying out the surgery, other miniature special instruments for carrying out the surgery are inserted by the surgeon. By watching the videos in the monitor the surgeon carries out the surgery by controlling the instruments from outside the body.Read More
Colorectal cancer is the second most common causes of cancer deaths. Colon consists of three parts. The first part of the colon commences from the small intestine and it ascends vertically and hence this part is known as the ascending colon. After this part the colon runs in horizontal direction from right side to left side of the abdomen and this part is known as the transverse colon. The last part of the colon is the descending colon which descends from the transverse colon and reaches the rectum.Read More
The large bowel which is medically referred as sigmoid colon has three sides. The ascending colon on the right side is followed by the transverse colon and the end portion of the colon is known as the descending colon. The primary treatment option for colon cancer is the surgical removal of the cancerous part of the colon along with the surrounding lymph nodes. The remaining colon parts are joined together and this process is known as anastomosis. When the descending colon is affected by cancer, the left colon is removed and the remaining colon is connected to the transverse colon.Read More
Large quantity of liquids and nutrients from food are absorbed by small intestine which is a part of the human digestive system. Small intestine consists of three segments: they are the jejunum, the duodenum, and the ileum. The ileum is followed by the sigmoid colon. When small intestine is inflicted with diseases like ulcers, Crohn’s disease etc or when they are injured or when the bowel is partially or completely blocked or when precancerous polyps are grown in them, the resection of bowel is necessitated.Read More
Endometrial cancer is the abnormal growth of cells in the lining of the uterus. Removal of uterus as a result of cancer is medically referred as hysterectomy. When the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and cervix are removed, it is known as total hysterectomy. When only the uterus and two third portion of the vagina are removed in a surgical procedure, that procedure is known as radical hysterectomy.Read More
Stomach is an important organ in our body which lies between the esophagus and the small intestine. The food eaten by human beings are accumulated and partly digested inside the stomach. After the preliminary digestive process inside the stomach, the food passes through the small intestine and the large intestine where the final digestion of the food takes place and the human waste is pumped out through the anus. If tumor or cancer is found inside the stomach, the only effective treatment option is to remove the stomach either completely or partially so that the cancerous cells are removed and the stomach is free from cancer. When the entire stomach is to be removed, it is known as total gastrectomy and when only a part of the stomach is removed it is known as radical gastrectomy. The small intestine will be connected to the remaining part of the stomach in a radical gastrectomy and to the esophagus in a total gastrectomy. The removal of stomach can be accomplished either through an open surgery or through a laparoscopic surgery.Read More
Esophagus also known as food pipe is the tract through which the food we eat reaches the stomach. Inner layer of esophagus consists of mucosa. Mucosa keeps the inner part of the food pipe wet and helps the food to go down easily. Sometimes tumor or cancerous cells grow inside esophagus which can be dangerous and life threatening.
Outer cells of the inner layer of esophagus may get inflicted by cancer and spread to the tissues in the neighboring layers. Esophageal cancer is a dangerous disease. Earlier detection and removal of the diseased part of the esophagus is the only solution available to this type of cancers. Transhiatal esophagectomy is the medial name of the surgery carried out to remove the cancerous portion of the esophagus. The patients in the early stages of esophageal cancer only will be benefitted by this surgery. Removal of esophagus can be done through the conventional method of open surgery or through minimally invasive laparoscopic surgery.Read More