Laparoscopic oophorectomy is a surgical procedure in which one or both of the ovaries are removed using a laparoscope, a thin tube with a camera, and instruments attached to it. The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and is minimally invasive, which means that it involves smaller incisions and a shorter recovery time compared to traditional open surgery.
Laparoscopic oophorectomy may be recommended for a variety of reasons, including:
1. Presence of ovarian cysts or tumors
2. Endometriosis or pelvic pain
3. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
4. Cancer or precancerous conditions of the ovaries
During the procedure, the surgeon of Punya Hospital makes several small incisions in the abdomen and inserts the laparoscope and other surgical instruments. The laparoscope allows the surgeon to see inside the abdomen and identify the ovary that needs to be removed. The surgeon then cuts the blood supply to the ovary and removes it through one of the small incisions.
After the ovary has been removed, the surgeon may examine it further to determine if it is cancerous or precancerous. If necessary, additional tissue may be removed for further analysis.
After the procedure, patients may experience some pain and discomfort, which can be managed with medication. They will also be advised to limit physical activity for a few days and avoid heavy lifting and strenuous exercise for several weeks. Most patients can return to their normal activities within 1-2 weeks.
Laparoscopic oophorectomy is generally a safe and effective procedure with a low risk of complications. However, as with any surgery, there are some risks involved, including bleeding, infection, and damage to surrounding organs. Patients should discuss the benefits and risks of the procedure with their surgeon to determine if it is the right option for them.