Laparoscopic Surgeries on Fallopian Tubes

fallopian tubeFallopian tube is the tube connect the ovaries to the uterus. The egg meets the sperm in the fallopian tube and fertilization takes place in this tube. The fetus so formed is transported and implanted in the uterus with the help of fallopian tubes. Any blocks in the fallopian tube may prevent the passage of sperm, egg and fetus to the womb. This is a common cause of infertility which can be corrected by many surgical procedures. The extent of the fallopian tube blockage and the location where block is experienced are the deciding factors in selecting the suitable procedures for correcting the tubal problems. General overviews of the surgical procedures that are commonly practiced are furnished below.
Tubal reanasthamosis: This procedure is used for repairing damages caused to fallopian tube by diseases or to reverse a tubal ligation. In this procedure the damaged or blocked part of the fallopian tube is removed and the remaining portions which are healthy are joined together. This procedure is usually done as laparotomy through an abdominal incision. This procedure is done as a laparoscopic surgery by some expert surgeons.
Salpingectomy: When a tube has developed build up of fluid this procedure is used for removing a part of the fallopian tube where the buildup has formed.
Salpingostomy: This is a surgical procedure used to create new opening when the tube is blocked by hydrosalpinx which is a buildup of fluid. More than salpingostomy surgeons prefer salpingectomy for treating hydrosalpinx. But there are chances that scar tissue may grow after salpingostomy and block the tube again.
Fimbrioplasty: This is a common surgical procedure followed by surgeons to clear a block of the fallopian tubes closer to the ovary. In this surgery the fringed ends of the tube are rebuilt so that the passage of the egg is no longer blocked.
Tubal canulation: Tubal cannulation is a non surgical procedure in which hysteroscopy of fluoroscopy is used to guide a catheter inserted by the surgeon through cervix via uterus. With the help of this catheter and other special instruments, the repairing of the fallopian tube is carried out.
What to expect after the surgery?
After an open surgery, the patient can leave the hospital after 2 or 3 days of stay. Antibiotics will be prescribed for preventing infection and analgesic will be given for relieving pain. She can return to work after 4 to 6 weeks. In laparoscopic procedures only one or two day’s hospital stay will be needed and she will be able to resume work within a couple of weeks.