A pair of ovaries located on both sides of uterus are most important organs of the human body which produces eggs for the reproduction purpose. But the ovaries can be dysfunctional due to the existence of cysts, polyps, tumors etc. There a lot of treatment options for the successful management of this disorders. Even though medications have been found to be very affective in controlling and relieving the symptoms, the eradication of the disease or disorder is usually accomplished by surgical removal of the affected ovary or ovaries and the adjacent structures like fallopian tubes uterus etc. The surgical procedures are usually carried out through two major surgical procedure categories. They are traditional open surgeries and the modern minimally invasive laparoscopic procedures.
These procedures are called minimally invasive surgeries as this surgical procedure is carried out through three of four small incisions which are only 1 to 2 cms in size. The important peculiarity of this surgery is that the surgeon is not directly using his hands to carry out any of the surgical actions. He views the videos of the internal organs and the surgery being carried over in a monitor near him and performs the surgery by controlling the special miniature instruments inserted through other small incisions with the help of its controls which are available near him. Laparoscope is a special instrument inserted through one of the small incisions with a camera to take the videos. Carbon dioxide gas will be blown to the abdomen to enlarge it so that there will be enough space to carry out the surgical procedure and it helps to get a clear video of the instruments and the surgery being carried out. After completing the surgery, the carbon dioxide gas is removed, the inserted instruments are withdrawn from the incisions through which they were inserted. The incisions are closed by stitching or sutures.