Obesity- Diagnosis

When your obesity index crosses 30, it is a signal indicating that your weight has increased considerably and it is time that you discuss this matter with your health care provider. He will try to understand your health problem by studying your health history and by conducting a physical examination. Diagnostic tests and examinations usually conducted by surgeons to evaluate obesity are detailed below.
Health history: Your doctor will conduct a comprehensive study about your health problem. He will also study the circumstances that lead to the obesity. This study will include matters like eating pattern, exercise levels, stress levels, what medications are being taken etc. Your doctor may study the family history also to ascertain whether any genetic factors are there behind the obesity.
Other health hazards: If you are experiencing any other health problems like high blood pressure or diabetes, these factors will be evaluated through diagnostic tests. This will help him to find out to what extent they are present in the patient.
Your waist circumference will be measured: Abdominal fat stored around your waist may increase considerably. Men with waist size more than 40 inches and women with waist size more than 35 inches will be having health problems caused by obesity. So measurement of waist size is a fast and easy method to find out whether a person is obese or not.
Calculating your BMI: Body mass index (BMI) is the easiest method followed by physicians to know whether a person is obese or not. BMI is obtained by dividing the weight in kilogram of a person by the square of his height in meters. If BMI of a person is greater than 30 then he is considered as an obese person. Although the BMI can be calculated by any person and no help of a medical practitioner is needed to find out BMI, all patients who go for treatment for abnormal weight increase will be subjected to BMI test as a preliminary method to know whether he is obese or not.
Physical check up: The physician will also conduct a general check up to find how your heart is functioning and to know vital details like blood pressure, cholesterol and glucose level in blood etc. After finding out all the above details your physician may suggest that you may undergo an echocardiogram test also.
After conducting all these tests your physician will be able to decide how much weight has to be reduced to make you a normal man and what is to be the procedure and medications to be followed to achieve the desired result.