Ovarian tumors are uncontrolled growth and proliferation of epithelial cells present in the ovaries of women. These tumors is the fifth major cause of death in women. Early diagnosis and treatment may lead to control and prevention of damages caused by ovarian tumors. Studies show that ovarian tumors are generally seen in women in the age group on 70 to 75.
As the age increases the cells in the body begins to regenerate triggering the possibility of growth of cancerous cells. Gene mutations caused by BRCA1, BRCA2 also contribute to growth of tumor cells in the ovaries. Obesity, family history, infertility and child bearing status also have found to contribute to the growth of tumor cells in the ovaries.
Some of the common symptoms of ovarian tumors are listed below.
1) Pain and discomfort experienced in the pelvic region
2) Indigestion and extreme pain
4) Shortness of breath
5) Loss of appetite
Radiation therapy: In this treatment method the tumor is subjected to high energy radiations using an external beam. This helps in minimizing or destroying the tumors eventually leading to complete eradication.
Chemotherapy: In this treatment method anti-cancer medicine like ‘velban’ is intravenously administered to the patient. These medicines obstruct the blood flow to the tumor cells thereby paving way for its destruction.
Surgical removal of tumor is the most effective treatment option for ovarian cysts. In this method the tumor along with some healthy tissue surrounding the tumor is surgically removed so that the tumor does not proliferate and develops to cancer.
A surgical procedure known as oophorectomy is carried out for removing the cancerous ovary without disturbing the healthy ovary which can carry out the functions of ovary. In another procedure called total hysterectomy is used to remove the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the uterus when the tumor/cancer has spread to all these organs.