Poly cystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is situation in women resulting from hormone imbalance which may lead to non ovulation and consequent infertility. Women who are having poly cystic ovary syndrome can be made ovulating by following a surgical procedure known as laparoscopic ovarian drilling. In this procedure laser beams or electrocautery is used to smash parts of ovaries. This surgical procedure is not generally used. But for women who are not ovulating in spite of undergoing medication for infertility and after losing weight, this surgery has been found to be extremely useful.
This procedure is generally done under general anesthesia. Through a small incision in the belly, a laparoscope is inserted which is a special instrument with a camera on one end of a long tube, which will be used to take videos of the internal organs and the surgery being carried out. The surgeon will be able to see this video in a monitor placed in front of him. Other special instruments for carrying out the surgery are inserted through other small incisions in the belly and they are guided carefully through the abdomen till they reach the target area. Carbon dioxide gas is pumped into the abdomen to enlarge it so that a clearer view can be seen in the monitor and enough room for carrying out surgical procedure is available. The surgeon carries out the surgery controlling these special instruments through their controls which are available near him, watching the video in the monitor.
1 The possibility of injuries to the adjacent organs caused by the surgical instruments is a risk factor in laparoscopic surgeries. 2 Infection and bleeding are other risk factors that may accompany this surgical procedure. 3 Side effects of anesthesia and possibility of adhesions and scarring are also there.
Peculiarities of laparoscopic surgeries
2 As the incisions are smaller the associated pain will be lesser and healing will be faster. 3 Hospital stay will be needed for a smaller period only and the recovery and return to normal activities will take place at an early date. 4 Obese persons and diabetic patients are not suitable candidates for laparoscopic surgeries. 5 A person who has earlier under gone a surgical procedure in the target area is not considered as suitable candidate for laparoscopic procedures.