Non cancerous growths in the uterus that develop on the muscular tissues are known as fibroids. Fibroid growing on the outer surface of the uterus is refereed by the medical term submucosal fibroids.
The sub mucosal fibroids usually develop a under the lining of the uterus. Though they are not very common, they are considered to be the most dangerous type of fibroids as they cause heavy bleeding.
1) Prolonged and heavy menstrual bleeding
2) Pain and pressure in pelvic region
3) Bach pain and pain in legs
4) Frequent urge for urination caused by bladder pressure
5) Enlargement in the abdomen.
Causes for the formation of uterine fibers are not known to the medical science. But recent research and clinical experience suggest the following causes
1) The changes taking place in the genes is considered as a cause for the formation of uterine fibroids. Evidences are there to show that fibroids run in families,
2) The hormones estrogen and progosteron that is necessary for the development of jterin linings has been found to be a cause for the formation of uterine fibroids. That is the reason for the shrinkage of fibroids after menopause.
3) Other growth factors like insulin is also found to have a profound affect in the formation of fibroids.
Though medications can be affective in reducing the symptoms it is not useful in solving the problem. There are two surgical procedures which are used by the surgeons to remove the submucosal fibroids. They are myomectomy which is used to remove the fibroids in the uterus. If the existence has fibroids has caused danger to the uterus, in some cases the uterus is also removed to save the patient from the difficulties caued by fibroids. The surgical procedure carried out to remove the uterus is known as hysterectomy.
Myomectomy: This is a surgical procedure used to remove the fibroids from the uterus. Myomectomy improves the chances of pregnancy of the patient, but this cannot be guaranteed. This procedure can be done through three common surgical procedures: They are hysteroscopy, laparoscopy and laparotomy. The selection of the suitable method depends on the location, size and number of fibroids.
Hysterectomy: Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which the uterus itself is removed so that the problem of fibroids in the uterus ends completely. There are two types of hysterectomy. In radical hysterectomy only the uterus and two third portions of the vagina are removed. But this procedure does not affect the sexual desires of the patient as the clitoral region and the lininings inside the vagina are not altered in this procedure.