The women in the child bearing age are the most affected victims of ovarian cysts, which are fluid filled sacs found over the ovaries situated on each side of the uterus. Usually they disappear on its own without showing any symptoms. Most of the ovarian cysts are benign and they vary in size from that of a pellet to a lemon. Usually they are harmless but at times it may grow in size and can cause problems if it bursts or if it gets twisted.
Torsion of ovarian cysts
When ovarian cysts growing to a size of more than 4 cms, it starts the almond sized ovary to bent and get twisted causing obstruction to its own blood flow and the flow of blood to the fallopian tubes. This condition is known as ovarian torsion which happens in women with a pre existent cyst. Ovarian torsion is commonly experienced in women around the age of 30 years. This may lead to rupture of the cyst and bleeding.
Cysts that arise out of menstruation cycles are referred as functional cysts. They generally do not cause and pain or harm and disappear within a period of two to three months.
Follicle bursts during middle of the menstrual cycle and release the egg. In some cased the follicle does not burst causing the egg to grow and form a cyst. These cysts are known as follicular cysts.
After releasing the egg the ruptures follicle produce estrogen and progesterone known as corpus luteum. In some cases the opening of the follicle gets blocked resulting in the accumulation of corpus luteum resulting in the formation of a cyst.
Non cancerous cysts known as dermoid cysts containing pieces of skin, hair, teeth etc are formed in or on skin. These cysts are fomed from the cells that produced egg. Cysts that forms on ovarian tissue filled with mucus are known as Cystadenomas. Endometrial tissue growing outside the uterus is known as endometriosis. Such tissues attached to the ovary and which are growing are known as endometriomas.
Experiencing severe pain form many hours during exercises or strenuous activities that worsens intermittently.
Some may feel minor pain localized around the area of the ovary for a prolonged period.
Lower quadrant pain experienced bilaterally.
Nausea and vomiting.
If the above mentioned symptoms are experienced by you, immediate medical attention is warranted as it may lead to severe problems. Surgical methods are the only treatment options available for torsed ovarian cysts. These procedures are usually carried out as a laparoscopic procedure. Removal of cyst and bringing back the ovaries to normal position are the aims of the surgical procedure. If the ovaries have become severely damaged there are possibilities that either one or both of the ovaries are removed. In some cases not only the ovaries even the fallopian tubes and the uterus will be required to be removed if any cancerous cells are detected during investigation.